PERRIS HIGH SCHOOL DRESS CODE

Perris High School seeks to maintain a thriving learning environment where mutual respect and high personal standards are established. Because of this, it is expected that clothing policies at Perris High School will be followed by all. Students who come to school in clothing that is inappropriate can be assigned a disciplinary consequence and will be required to change into school appropriate attire.This dress code is in effect during school hours as well as during school sponsored events.

All clothing and accessories must be school appropriate

  • Clothing & Accessories must not promote illegal substances, violence, alcohol, or sexually explicit material.
  • Clothing & Accessories must not discriminate against religious or ethnic groups.
  • Clothing & Accessories must be free of safety pins and spikes.
  • No strapless clothing or blouses with only one strap. (Straps may not be tied or hooked on with pins, and must be at least 1” wide.)
  • Shirts must be worn at all times.
  • Clothing shall be sufficient and size-appropriate to conceal all undergarments at all times.
  • The bottom of the shirt and the top of the pants must meet.
  • Gloves are only allowed in cold weather.
  • Do Rags, Wave Caps, Bandanas, and Hair Picks are not allowed at school.
  • Sweatbands may be worn during physical education classes only.
  • Shoes must be worn at all times. Shoes must be appropriate for the school activity and school safety (bedroom slippers, steel toed shoes and boots are not to be worn at school). It is recommended that sandals have heel straps.
  • Under No circumstances can a clothing item be used to conceal the identity of a student. (i.e. hoods, bandanas, scarves etc…)
  • Chains are not permitted whether attached to a wallet or worn loose on clothing.
  • Items that are classified as drug paraphernalia are not permitted to be worn as accessories or clothing.
  • Any clothing, purse, backpack, notebook, jewelry, etc. displaying a “Hate” symbol is strictly prohibited at school.
  • Only school issued hats or solid colored hats with no design in school colors are permitted.
  • Sunglasses may not be worn indoors (unless under doctor’s prescription).

When a new fashion trend becomes a symbol that may be dangerous anti-social, or the arrangement of specific clothing items denotes gang affiliation (I.E., Pittsburgh Pirates, and L.A. , clothing with Orange County, I.E. (Inland Empire) or the number “13”). ; the Perris High School Administration reserves the right to prohibit such items and arrangements.

*Note: It is required for parent to pick up all confiscated items. Confiscated materials will be held for parent pick-up at the end of the day on the first offense.

*Note: Students considered repeat offenders will have their items confiscated for one week on the second offense; and for the remainder of the semester on the third offense. Student will also be subject to disciplinary consequences. If materials are not picked up within 30 days the items will be donated to Goodwill.
 
 

Perris Union High School District Behavior Guidelines

Questions? Call Pupil Services (951) 943-6369, extension 131

Please sign and return to your student’s school. A copy of these guidelines can be found in the Pupil Handbook.

EC=Education     Code PC=Penal Code    HSC=Health and Safety Code

ISSUES

VIOLATIONS

CONSEQUENCES

1.  PHYSICAL INJURY & VIOLENCE

MUTUAL COMBAT/FIGHTING/

THREATS/ASSAULT

EC § 48900 (a1)
EC §48900 (s)

(a1)  Caused, attempted to cause, or threatened to cause physical injury to another person; fighting/mutual combat.
Threats (telephone, written, electronic):  Bomb Threats, verbal threats (not terroristic threats-see below); Assault:  Verbal attack, attempt to cause injury, place person in fear.
(s)  Aiding or abetting infliction of physical injury.

√ Suspension EC § 48900 (a1) or (s).
√ Referral to Counseling.
√ Sheriff/Police Citation - Fighting on school grounds:  PC 415, 242.
√ Expulsion Recommendation – Mandatory consideration for assault on school official EC § 48915 (a5).

2.  BATTERY
EC § 48900 (a2)

(a2)  Willfully used force or violence upon another person, except in self-defense:  striking, shoving, kicking.
Not mutual combat.  Battery against student, battery against staff member.
Battery:  Unlawful injury, beating, hitting of another person – does not fight back.

√ Suspension EC § 48900 (a2).
√ Referral to Counseling.
√ Sheriff/Police Intervention PC 242, 243.2.
√ Expulsion Recommendation – Mandatory consideration for assault on school official EC § 48915 (a5).

3.  WEAPONS/DANGEROUS OBJECTS
EXPLOSIVES/REPLICA WEAPONS
EC § 48900 (b) (m)
US Code, Section 921, Title 18

(a2)  Assault with deadly weapon.
(b)  Possessed, sold, or otherwise furnished any firearm (handgun, rifle, shotgun, pistol), knife (dirk, dagger, fixed, sharpened blade for stabbing, screwdriver), explosive, or other dangerous object (aims or points a laser pointer at another), possession, use of fireworks, firecrackers, snappers, poppers, lighter, matches, razor blades, shocking pens.
EC 48915 (c5)  Explosives:  M80, bottle rocket, dynamite, bomb, grenade, nitroglycerin, blasting caps.
(m)  Possessed an imitation (replica) firearm:  BB gun, pellet gun, paint gun.

√ Suspension EC § 48900 (b) (m).
√ Sheriff/Police Intervention PC 626.9, 244.5, 417, 653 (g).
√ Fire Department Intervention (Explosives) PC 148.1, HSC 12000, 12301 (a).
√ Expulsion Recommendation – EC § 48915 [Mandatory for brandished knife (c2), possession of a firearm (c1), explosives (c5)].
√ Expulsion Recommendation – locking blade or similar knife or other dangerous object regardless of size.
√Other weapons: to include, but not be inclusive of: switchblade, stiletto, box cutter, billy club, sandbag, ninchuk, ninja star, mace, pepper spray, sling shot, sword, stun gun, brass knuckles.

4.  CONTROLLED SUBSTANCES

DRUGS & ALCOHOL

EC § 48900 (c) (d)
EC § 48900 (p)
HSC 11366-11375

(c)  Possessed, used, sold, furnished, or been under the influence of, any controlled substance, alcoholic beverage, or intoxicant of any kind.
(d)  Offered, arranged ,or negotiated to sell any controlled substance, and then sold, delivered, or furnished to any person another liquid, substance, or material and represented it as a controlled substance, alcoholic beverage, or intoxicant.
(p)  Offered, arranged to sell, negotiated to sell, or sold the prescription drug Soma.
EC 48915 (a3) Possession of any controlled substance.  Cannot recommend expulsion for first time marijuana possession offense of less than one ounce.
Controlled substances:  Marijuana, Cocaine, Heroin, Methamphetamine, etc.

√ Suspension EC § 48900 (c) (d).
√ Sheriff/Police Intervention PC 308(b), 380, 381, 647 (f), HSC 11053.
√ Referral to Counseling.
√ Expulsion Recommendation – EC § 48915 [Mandatory for sales of controlled substances (c3)].

5.  ROBBERY, BURGLARY, OR EXTORTION
EC § 48900 (e)

(e)  Committed or attempted to commit robbery (take personal property by means of force or fear) or extortion (obtaining of property from another, with his/her consent induced by a wrongful use of force or fear).
Burglary:  Entry with intent to commit a theft.
Possession of stolen goods.

√ Suspension EC § 48900 (e).
√ Restitution to Victim/Community Service
√ Sheriff/Police Intervention - Burglary:  PC 459; Robbery/Extortion:  PC 211, 212, 518, 519.
√ Expulsion Recommendation.

6.  PROPERTY DAMAGE/
VANDALISM
GRAFFITI/ARSON
EC § 48900 (f)

(f)  Caused or attempted to cause damage to school property or private property. 

Possession or graffiti implements (markers, scribes, liquid or aerosol paint).

√ In-House Suspension or Suspension EC § 48900 (f).
√ Restitution to Victim/Community Service.
√ Sheriff/Police Citation - Graffiti:  PC 594 (a1), 594.1, 640.5; Vandalism:  PC 594; Arson:  PC 451, 452.
√ Fire Department Intervention  PC 451, 452.
√ Expulsion Recommendation.

7.  THEFT
EC § 48900 (g) (l)

(g)  Caused or attempted to steal school property or private property.
(l)  Knowingly received stolen school property or private property (Possession of stolen goods).

√ In-House Suspension or Suspension EC § 48900 (g).
√ Restitution to Victim/Community Service.
√ Sheriff/Police Intervention PC 484, 487, 488.
√ Expulsion Recommendation.

8.  TOBACCO
EC § 48900 (h)
EC § 48901

(h)  Possessed or used tobacco or nicotine products:  Cigarettes, cigars, mini cigars, clove cigarettes, smokeless tobacco, snuff, chew packets, betel.

√ Sheriff/Police Citation PC 308 (b).
√ Referral to Smoking Cessation Program.
√ Suspension EC § 48900 (h).
√ Referral to Counseling.

9.  PROFANITY & VULGARITY OBSCENITY
EC § 48900 (i)

(i)  Committed an obscene act or engaged in habitual profanity or vulgarity:  Indecent exposure (may/may not be sexual harassment), mooning, pantsing, urinating in public, possession of pornographic literature or use of pornographic Internet websites, lewd or obscene gestures

√ Teacher warning; Teacher suspension; Detention or In-House Suspension.
√ Administrative Conference.
√ Suspension Automatic if profanity is directed toward a school official EC § 48900 (i).
√ Sheriff/Police Intervention.

10.  PARAPHERNALIA
EC § 48900 (j)
HSC 11364

(j)  Possessed, offered, arranged, or negotiated to sell any drug paraphernalia:  Pipes, smoking or injecting devices, syringes, Zig Zags (rolling papers), roach clips, bowls, and bongs.

√ Suspension EC § 48900 (j).
√ Referral to Counseling.
√ Sheriff/Police Intervention.
√ Expulsion Recommendation.

11.  DISRUPTION & DEFIANCE
EC § 48900 (k)

(k)  Disrupted school activities or otherwise willfully defied the valid authority of supervisors, teachers, administrators, school officials, or other school personnel engaged in the performance of their duties.  Unlawful assembly, inciting riot.  Cheating, bus misconduct, classroom disruption, not complying with assigned discipline consequence, forgery, gambling, littering, throwing objects, setting-off fire alarm.

√ Teacher warning; Removal from class/activity; Teacher suspension.
√ Detention or In-House Suspension.
√ Administrative Meeting and Counseling.
√ Suspension EC § 48900 (k).  Expulsion recommendation for repeated violation.
√ Sheriff/Police Intervention.

12.  SEXUAL ASSAULT OR BATTERY
EC § 48900 (n)

(n)  Committed or attempted to commit a sexual assault, or committed a sexual battery:  Rape, sodomy, child molestation, statutory rape.
Refer to PC 243.4, 261 - 269, 286, 288.

√ Suspension EC § 48900 (n).
√ Sheriff/Police Intervention PC 243.4, 261 - 269, 286, 288.
√ Expulsion Recommendation.

13.  ELECTRONIC SIGNALING & OTHER DEVICES
EC § 48901.5  EC § 48900 (k).
May possess on school campus during the day, not activated.

ELECTRONIC MUSIC EQUIPMENT OR GAMES EC § 48900 (k).

Activated, used, or lent to another any electronic signaling devise (i.e. cell phone, pager, walkie talkies, PDAs, etc.) on campus during the school day, while attending school-sponsored activities, or while under the supervision and control of a school district employee.

Possession, use of electronic games, portable music equipment:  Radios, Walkman, Discman, MP3, watch radio, headsets, earphones.

√ 1st Offense:  Confiscation of device. Parent/ Guardian contacted to pick up device.
√ 2nd Offense:  Confiscation of device. Parent/Guardian contacted to pick up device.
√ 3rd Offense:  Confiscation of device. Parent/ Guardian contacted to pick up device.
√ Suspension for defiance EC § 48901.5, 48900 (k).

14.  SEXUAL HARASSMENT
EC § 48900.2  PC 212.5

Grades 4 to 12

Committed acts of sexual harassment:  Unwanted sexual advances; sexual favors; sexual gestures, objects, or pictures; touching, assault; derogatory comments, slurs, or jokes.

√ Suspension EC § 48900.2.
√ Sheriff/Police Intervention PC 212.5.
√ Expulsion Recommendation.

15.  HATE VIOLENCE
EC § 48900.3

Grades 4 to 12

Caused, attempted to cause, threatened to cause, or participated in any act of hate violence (expression of hostility due to race, gender, religion, disability, nationality, sexual orientation):  Racial slurs over time, e-mail, insults, taunts, posting or distributing posters or leaflets, jokes, physical assault, vandalism, telephone calls, cross burning, destroying religious symbols.

√ Suspension EC § 48900.3.
√ Sheriff/Police Intervention PC 422.6 - 422.76, 628.1.
√ Expulsion Recommendation.

16.  HARASSMENT/BULLYING
EC § 48900.4

Grades 4 to 12

HARASSED A COMPLAINING WITNESS

EC § 48900 (o)

Intentionally engaged in harassment, threats, or intimidation, directed against a student or group of students or school employees:  Stalking, kidnapping.

(o)  Harassed, threatened, or intimidated a pupil who is a complaining witness in a school disciplinary procedure (expulsion hearing).

√ Suspension EC § 48900.4.
√ Referral to Counseling.
√ Sheriff/Police Intervention - Kidnapping:  PC 135.
√ Expulsion Recommendation.

17.  TERRORISTIC THREATS
EC § 48900.7

Made terroristic threats against school officials, students, staff, or school property, or both, written or oral that could result in death, great bodily injury, or property damage in excess of $1,000, even if not carried out.  Person is in sustained fear of his or her own safety or family’s safety.

√ Suspension EC § 48900.7.
√ Sheriff/Police Intervention PC 422.
√ Expulsion Recommendation.

18.  DRESS CODE
EC § 48900 (k)

Wore any inappropriate dress such as clothing, attire, apparel, accessories, head coverings (hats, bandanas, knit caps, doo rags, skull caps, etc.), or gang attire, except “for outdoor use (P.E.), articles of sun-protective clothing, including, but not limited to, hats (wide brim with neck covering only), and sunscreen.”

√ Dress changed/Accessory seized/Detention/In-House Suspension.
√ Loaner T-shirt or school uniform provided.
√ Parent/Guardian notified.
√ Suspension EC § 48900 (k).

19.  HAZING
EC § 48900 (q)
EC § 32050

(q)  Engaged in or attempted to engage in hazing as defined in EC § 32050.
Hazing:  Initiation into school/student body clubs or organizations in a manner that causes or is likely to cause bodily damage, harm, degradation, disgrace, or physical or mental harm to a student.

√ Suspension EC § 48900 (q).
√ Sheriff/Police Intervention PC 242, 212.5.
√ Expulsion Recommendation.

20.  ATTENDANCE
EC § 48260, EC § 48262, EC § 48264.5 (a)

RESTRICTED AREA

EC § 48900 (k)

Left campus during school day without obtaining permission through the attendance office first; no hall pass, left class without permission.

√ Detention/In-House Suspension.
√Truancy Letters/SART.
√ Sheriff/Police Citation EC § 48264.5 (a) - ages 13 and above.
√ Referred to SARB EC § 48320.
√ Referred to District Attorney Mediation/Juvenile Court.

Truant from school or contributed to the truancy of other students.

Excessive tardiness to school or class.
In unauthorized /restricted areas on-campus.

21.  VISITORS/TRESPASSING/ADULT CAMPUS DISRUPTION/THREATS, ASSAULTS TO SCHOOL OFFICIALS
EC § 32211, 44811, 44014

Invited visitors to school for any reason during the school day; loitering/unauthorized presence on campus; threats to school officials by parents or adults; students visiting campus during suspension or expulsion period or during off-track vacation period without permission

√ Visitor escorted off campus.
√ Persona non grata declaration/Restraining Order.
√ Sheriff/Police Intervention/Citation - Trespassing PC 626.7-626.9; Threats to school officials:  PC 71; Terroristic Threats:  PC 422.





Explanation of Terms & Important Information

After-School Detention – ASD: ASD is a consequence for the violation of a school rule and is utilized when we feel OCS or Saturday School is not warranted. Students are required to report to the Multi-Purpose room at the end of the school day for detention which lasts approximately 1 hour.

On Campus Suspension – OCS: OCS is a consequence for the violation of a school rule and is an alternative to home suspension. OCS is also used as a consequence to remediate student attendance problems – especially tardiness, but also misuse of passes, or no passes.

Community Service: Students may be assigned to complete community service, including campus beautification activities for a variety of disciplinary offenses including truancy, being off-campus without permission, or for vandalism and destruction of property.

Saturday School: Saturday School, 8:00 a.m. to 12:00 p.m., consists of two hours of study hall and two hours of campus beautification. Assignment to Saturday School is a consequence for the violation of a school rule and is an alternative to home suspension. When assigned to Saturday School students are responsible for their own transportation. Students who fail to attend a Saturday School assignment will be subject to further disciplinary action.

Suspension/Expulsion: According to the Education Code 48900 (a-o); 48900…2, .3, .4, .7; and 48915 (a) and (c) and Board Policies, pupils may be suspended or recommended for expulsion.

Required Parental Attendance: A law enables parents/guardians to be absent from work without endangering their employment status in order to attend a portion of their child’s school day at a teacher’s request (L.C. 230.7). Whenever a student is suspended from a class because he/she committed an obscene act, engaged in habitual profanity or vulgarity, disrupted school activities or otherwise willfully defied valid staff authority, the teacher of the class from which the student was suspended may require the student’s parent/guardian to attend a portion of a school day in that class. After completing the classroom visit, and before leaving the school premises, the parent/guardian may also meet with the school Principal or designee. It is the responsibility of the parent/guardian to update all emergency contact information.

Excessive Display of Affection: Any excessive display of affection is unacceptable on school grounds or at any school sponsored activities. Excessive refers to: heavy kissing, petting, and other physical demonstrations considered being offensive. Violators will be disciplined.

Searches: Situations may occur where the health, safety, and welfare of students and staff are jeopardized and which necessitate the search and seizure of students, their property, or their lockers by school officials. School officials are authorized to conduct searches when there are reasonable grounds or suspicion that the search will uncover evidence that the student is violating the law or the rules of the district or the school. Dogs are used in random drug searches of the campus to ensure the safety of our students.

Metal Detectors: Metal detectors will be utilized on a random basis on students as they enter campus. School officials will also use metal detectors when conducting searches on students when there are reasonable grounds or suspicion that the student is violating the law, or rules of the district or school.

Personal Property: Students and parents are reminded that Perris High School and the Perris Union High School District do not assume responsibility for personal property. Students may not bring radios, MP3 players, electronic or video games, CD players, water guns*, paint-ball guns*, chains, markers, whiteout, liquid paper, lasers*, or other items of value to school. Items confiscated by staff will not be returned until the parent or guardian picks them up. Students who are considered repeat offenders will have their property confiscated for the remainder of the semester.

*Note: It is required for parent to pick up all confiscated items. Confiscated materials will be held for parent pick-up at the end of the day on the first offense.

*Note: Students considered repeat offenders will have their items confiscated for one week on the second offense; and for the remainder of the semester on the third offense. Students will also be subject to disciplinary consequences. If materials are not picked up within 30 days time the items will be donated to Goodwill.

Drugs, Alcohol, and Tobacco: The use of any non-prescribed drugs, alcohol or tobacco or possession of a lighter, matches and rolling papers on school grounds, at school related functions is strictly prohibited. A student who abuses this policy is subject to suspension and / or expulsion. Students may possibly be cited by School Resource Officer (SRO) for tobacco, drugs or alcohol.

No Gum: Gum is a major problem at many schools. It is unsanitary, unsightly and creates endless hours of clean up time for custodians.

Knives & Lasers: Knives of any type or size are not allowed at school. All knives brought to school will be confiscated. The student in question will be suspended and may be expelled .Laser lights are not to be brought on campus. They may cause serious damage. Students in possession of these will have them confiscated and have disciplinary actions up to and including expulsion.

Food & Drink: Food and drinks may not be consumed in classroom, except water. No glass containers are allowed on campus. Food and beverages will be served and eaten in designated areas. No nuts or seeds in shells will be allowed. All energy drinks will be banned from all school campuses.

Energy Drinks: Energy drinks will not be permitted on campus. Due to the high amount of caffeine and possibility of purchasing energy drinks with alcohol already added, it has been determined that the negative side effects of such consumption more than outweigh any benefits.

Tobacco: The Governing Board recognizes the health hazards associated with smoking and the use of tobacco products, including the breathing of second-hand smoke, and desires to provide a healthy environment. The Board prohibits the use of tobacco products at any time in district owned or leased buildings on district property and in district vehicles. This prohibition applies to all employees, students and visitors at any instructional program, activity or athletic event.

Any person who violates this district’s policy on tobacco- free schools shall be informed of the district’s policy and asked to refrain from smoking. If the person fails to comply with this request, the Superintendent or designee may:

   (1)     Direct the person to leave school property.

   (2)     Request local law enforcement assistance in removing the person from school premises.

   (3)     If the person repeatedly violates the tobacco- free schools policy, prohibit him/ her from entering district property for specified period of time.

Students who violate this policy could be suspended, cited by the School Resource Officer or even recommended for expulsion under CA EC 48900 (H)

   (1)     Students are prohibited to be in possession or use tobacco; or any product containing nicotine.

Medications: In compliance with California Education Code section 49423, when an employee of the school district gives medication to a student, the employee must be acting in accordance with the written directions of a physician and with the written permission of the student’s parent or legal guardian. These authorizations must be renewed whenever the prescription changes or at the beginning of the new school year. The prescription label on the container is not acceptable as a physician‘s statement. Over- the- counter medications will be given only if prescribed by a physician or dentist.

We require all medications to be stored in the Health Office and to be administered only when the physician’s and parent /guardian signed permissions are on file. Students are not allowed to have medication in their possession at school, walking to and from school, or on the school bus. This practice provides for the safety of all students on campus. The only exception to this policy is if the student’s well being is in jeopardy and the medication, such as an inhaler for asthma, is carried on his/ her person. The appropriate release forms can be obtained from the school and must include a statement from the physician that the student’s well being is in jeopardy unless he /she carry the medication.

Medications must be provided to the school in the container, in which it was purchased, with the prescription label attached, and must be prescribed to the student to whom it will be administered. School personnel can’t give medication brought to school in a plastic bag, plastic ware, or any other repacking. Out-of-date medication will NOT be given. An adult must bring the medication to school along with the completed authorization form.

Sexual Harassment Policy: Sexual harassment means unwelcome sexual advances, requests for sexual favors, and other verbal, visual or physical conduct of a sexual nature, made by someone from or in an educational setting.

The District is committed to an educational environment in which all individuals are treated with respect and dignity. Each student has the right to learn in an atmosphere that promotes equal educational opportunity and is free from discriminatory practices.

Hate Violence: No person shall by force or threat of force, willfully injure, intimidate or interfere with another person’s race, color, religious ancestry, national origin, gender, or sexual orientation. To do so constitutes a hate crime resulting in suspension with a high probability of expulsion.

Anti-Bullying / Cyberbullying: The District & Perris High School believe that all students, staff and community have an obligation to promote mutual respect, tolerance and acceptance. The school will not tolerate behavior that infringes on the safety of any student. A student shall not intimidate, harass another student through words or actions. Such behavior includes direct physical contact, such as hitting or shoving, verbal assaults, such as teasing or name-calling, social isolation or manipulation.

Cyberbullying includes the posting of harassing messages, direct threats, social cruelty , or harmful text or images on the Internet, social networking sites, or other digital technologies, as well as breaking into another person’s account and assuming that person’s identity in order to damage that person’s reputation or friendships.

This policy applies whenever a student is on school grounds, traveling to and from school, at a school sponsored activity, during lunch period, and whether on/ off campus. In addition, Cyberbullying can be done from home, but if the actions impact school activities or school attendance then they may be subject to discipline in accordance with district policies and regulations.

Search Dogs
To assure that alcohol, drugs and other items that pose a danger to students are not brought on to the school campus, several unscheduled checks will be made during the year using specially trained dogs. These friendly non- aggressive dogs are trained to check lockers, vehicles, classrooms and school grounds for alcohol, drugs and gunpowder. They do not check students. The ultimate goal of this program is to assist in providing a safe learning environment and campus that is free from contraband items.

18 YEAR OLD RIGHTS
As an 18 year old you’re considered an adult, you are no longer considered a minor, with all of the responsibilities and legal rights of citizenship, some of these include, excusing absences, leaving school, voting in State and Federal elections, as well as having sole rights to your educational records. Compulsorily education ends at age 18. You are no longer required to remain enrolled in school. School Sites also have the right to terminate your enrollment, and refer you to adult education, if you do not follow the policies and rules of the school.

You have the right to request that your parents do not have access to your educational information. This process involves a meeting with your counselor and the filing out the 18 year old rights form to request such.

Parents of 18 year olds, who are considered dependents for tax purposes, are entitled to access to their child’s educational information.

18 year old students who request that their parents be denied access to their records their parents will be notified and they will have the right to nullify this request if they provide proof of dependency.


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